It can be seen from the basic process bronzing, bronzing the three basic elements are: temperature, pressure and stamping time.
To get the ideal effect of hot stamping, stamping temperature, stamping pressure, stamping speed and other process parameters must be reasonable to master;
In addition, the quality of raw materials associated with bronzing must also be guaranteed, such as: the printability of the substrate, the performance of the electrochemical material and the quality of the hotplate. If a link is a problem, will certainly affect the final stamping effect.
Choose the right substrate. Stamping can be a lot of substrates, usually paper, such as: coated paper, white paper, white cardboard, cloth paper, offset paper and so on. However, not all paper bronzing effects are ideal. If the surface is rough, paper with loose paper, such as book paper, poor offset paper, etc., because the aluminum foil layer can not adhere well to its surface, the unique metal Gloss can not be well reflected, or even stamping, therefore, bronzing substrates should use dense texture, high smoothness, surface strength of the paper, so as to get a good hot stamping effect, the unique aluminum Gloss fully reflected.
According to the different substrates choose the right type of aluminum. The structure of the aluminum has five layers, namely: polyester film layer, shedding layer, color layer (protective layer), aluminum layer and glue layer. More aluminum models, common l, 2, 8, 12, 15 and so on. In addition to the color of gold, there are dozens of silver, blue, reddish brown, green, red and so on. Choice of aluminum not only to choose the right color, but also according to the different substrates choose the appropriate model. Different models, its performance and suitable for the range of materials are also different. Under normal circumstances, the most used paper products stamping is the 8th, because the 8th aluminum foil bonding moderate, good gloss, more suitable for general printing paper or glossy paper, varnishing. If the hard plastic on the hot stamping should choose other appropriate models, such as No. 15, aluminum.
The quality of aluminum is mainly by visual inspection and feel to check, such as checking the color of aluminum, brightness and trachoma. Good quality aluminum requires uniform color, bright after stamping, no trachoma. For aluminum fastness and tightness can generally be rubbed by hand, or with Scotch tape to stick to the surface of the test. If the aluminum is not easy to fall off, indicating the fastness, tightness is better, more suitable for hot stamping small text patterns, hot stamping is not easy to paste version; if gently rub the aluminum have to fall off, then the tightness of the poor, only Can be used for graphic sparse stamping; In addition, pay attention to the broken aluminum foil, broken head, the better.
It is noteworthy that the aluminum must be properly stored, should be stored in a ventilated and dry place, not with acid, alkali, alcohol and other substances in a place, and have moisture, heat, sun and other measures, or aluminum will shorten Period of use.
Make a good hot plate. Hot stamping version generally copper, zinc and resin version, relatively speaking, the best copper version, zinc version of the moderate, slightly less resin version. Therefore, for the fine stamping, copper should be used as much as possible. For the hot stamping version, requiring its surface smooth, graphic lines clear, clean edges, no pitting and burrs. If the surface is slightly uneven or slightly scratched, fluff, the fine carbon can be used to gently wipe it flat and smooth. Hot stamping version of the decay depth should be slightly deeper, at least more than 0.6mm, the slope at about 70 °, in order to ensure that the stamping graphic clarity, reduce contiguous and paste version, while improving the printing rate. Hot stamping text, lines and patterns are very particular about the design. The text should be as fine as possible, reasonable density, such as too small and too thin, easy pen outline; too thick too dense, easy paste version.
Control the hot stamping temperature. Hot stamping temperature on the hot melt silicone adhesive off the layer and the degree of melting has a greater impact, the stamping temperature must not be lower than the lower limit of the temperature range of the aluminum, which is to ensure the lowest temperature melting aluminum foil.
If the temperature is too low, insufficient melting, can cause stamping is not on or hot stamping is not strong, so imprints not strong, incomplete, lack of strokes or flowers; and the temperature is too high, the melting over, causing the blot around the attachment Of the aluminum also melted off and produce a paste version, while the high temperature will make the color layer of synthetic resin and dye oxidative polymerization, blot blister or fog spots, and lead to the surface of the aluminum layer and the protective layer of oxidation, the hot stamping products to reduce Brightness or loss of metallic luster. In general, the electric temperature should be adjusted between 80 ~ 180 ℃, hot stamping area is larger, the electric temperature is relatively higher; the other hand, the lower. Specific circumstances should be based on the actual plate temperature, type of aluminum, graphic conditions and other factors to determine, usually through the trial to find the most suitable temperature, should be the lowest temperature and can imprint a clear graphic lines As standard.